1Anesthesialogist, Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, IR Iran
2PhD Student of Sport Biomechanics, Shohadaye tajrish Hospital, Shahid beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, IR Iran
Introduction: Ramadan is a time when Muslims are expected to be calm and peaceful in daily life both mentally and physiologically. Some people believe that they should try to don’t have be involved in bad and deviant behaviors in Ramadan. As increasing social safety and reducing crime in society are the most important concerns of the authorities , psychologists, sociologists and governments, they are try to find ways to increase the social safety and decrease the crime rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the statisticaltraumas Due to fights and rate of ’deviant behaviors during Ramadan compared to Non-Ramadan months of the years 2001 to 2008 in public hospitals in the city of Kermanshah, Iran. Method: Our study was a prospective study. It included patients who were involved in four types of traumas including beating, gunshot, falling from height and car-accident during Ramadan and the Non-Ramadan months of the years 2001 to 2008 admitted to the Emergency Trauma Center Departments (ETCDs) of Taleghani and Imam Reza Hospitals in Kermanshah, Iran. Results: The study included 168753 patients. 155705 patients (442.34 mean ± 436.77 SD) were admitted in Non-Ramadan months and the remaining 13048 patients (407.75 mean ± 427.16 SD) in Ramadan month. Based on the results, the average of trauma instances in Non-Ramadan months was higher, but no statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups. We did not observe significant differences for types of traumatic events in Ramadan compared to Non-Ramadan months, but for Non Ramadan months all types of traumatic except gunshot and beating were significant. Conclusion: Although Ramadan is not a special controlling factor for trauma admissions, but it can has an important effect on the reduction of numbers and types of fight-related trauma admissions in ETCD of hospitals.
Fajnzylber P, Lederman D, Loayza N. Determinants of crime rates in Latin America and the world: an empirical assessment: World Bank Publications; 1998.
Göçmen E, Koç M, Tez M, Yoldaş Ö, Bilgin A, Keşkek M. Effect of Ramadan on surgical emergencies. Annals of emergency medicine. 2004;44(3):283-5.
Taktak S, Kumral B, Unsal A, Ozdes T, Aliustaoglu S, Yazici YA, et al. Evidence for an association between suicide and religion: a 33-year retrospective autopsy analysis of suicide by hanging during the month of Ramadan in Istanbul. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2016;48(2):121-31.
Tavakoli N. Effect of spirituality on decreasing crimes and social damages.
Larsen RJ. Toward a science of mood regulation. Psychological Inquiry. 2000;11(3):129-41.
Sohrabzadeh M. Crimes in Islamic countries and the role of muharram in decreasing the offences: evidencebfrom Iran. A Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. 2013;2(10).
Kadri N, Tilane A, El Batal M, Taltit Y, Tahiri SM, Moussaoui D. Irritability during the month of Ramadan. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000;62(2):280-5.
Langford EJ, Ishaque MA, Fothergill J, Touquet R. The effect of the fast of Ramadan on accident and emergency attendances. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 1994;87(9):517.
Topacoglu H, Karcioglu O, Yuruktumen A, Kiran S, Cimrin A, Ozucelik D, et al. Impact of Ramadan on demographics and frequencies of disease‐related visits in the emergency department. International journal of clinical practice. 2005;59(8):900-5.
Bener A, Absood G, Achan N, Sankaran-Kutty M. Road traffic injuries in Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 1992;112(6):273-6.
Alnasser M, AlSelaim N, Aldhukair S, Elbedah K, Tamim H, Alazzam S, et al. Patterns of pediatric trauma in Ramadan: an observational study. Annals of Pediatric Surgery. 2012;8(1):9-11.