Document Type : Research Paper
MSc, Department of Exercise Physiology, Eslamabad-E-Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Eslamabad-E-Gharb, Iran.
Department of Exercise Physiology, Eslamabad-E-Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Eslamabad-E-Gharb, Iran.
Department of Exercise Physiology,Gilan-E-Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gilan-E-Gharb, Iran.
Introduction: The aim of this study is to examine the impact of 12 weeks of sauna (both dry and steam) on fasting glucose levels, sleep quality, and cortisol hormone levels in middle-aged men residing in Kermanshah city. Methods: The type of research conducted in this study is semi-experimental, utilizing a pre-test-post-test design with two training intervention groups and one control group. Its statistical population includes all middle-aged men between 45 and 60 years old in Kermanshah city. After identifying the subjects and before starting the main training program, finally, taking into account the research objectives, 36 men with the age group of 45 to 60 years were selected as the subjects of the targeted and available sampling method. At the end of the familiarization session, the pre-test values of the tested variables (glucose hunger, sleep quality, cortisol hormone) were measured and then the subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups including: 1) dry sauna 2) steam sauna 3) control group were divided.Then, the experimental group performed the dry sauna and steam program for 12 weeks. 48 hours after the last training session, the post-test values in the variables were measured in the same conditions and with the same procedure as the pre-test. One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni tests were used to analyze the data. Results: The findings of the research showed that there is a significant difference between the mean values before and after the implementation of dry sauna and steam sauna program in glucose fasting, sleep quality and cortisol hormone of the subjects (p≤0.05). Conclusion: It can be inferred that the program involving both dry sauna and steam sauna has shown positive effects on the glucose variable. The exercises of the dry sauna program had less effect on the variable of sleep quality than the steam sauna. Dry sauna program has been more effective on cortisol than steam sauna.